Parametric divisibility of stochastic losses


A probability distribution is n-divisible if its nth convolution root exists. While modeling the dependence structure between several (re)insurance losses by an additive risk factor model, the infinite divisibility, that is the n-divisibility for all interger n, is a very desirable property. Moreover, the capacity to compute the distribution of a piece (i.e., a convolution root) is also desirable. Unfortunately, if many useful distributions are infinitely divisible, computing the distributions of their pieces is usually a challenging task that requires heavy numerical computations. However, in a few selected cases, particularly the Gamma case, the extraction of the distribution of the pieces can be performed fully parametrically, that is with negligible numerical cost and zero error. We show how this neat property of Gamma distributions can be leveraged to approximate the pieces of other distributions, and we provide several illustrations of the resulting algorithms.

Oskar Laverny
Oskar Laverny
Actuary, PhD

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